1908 – Henry Ford’s Model T Ford car went on sale.
1918 – Arab forces aided by the British under T. E. Lawrence — Lawrence of Arabia — captured Damascus from the Turks.
1946 – The International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremburg sentenced 12 Nazi leaders to death — the first war criminals to be convicted of crimes against humanity.
1949 – The People’s Republic of China was formed with Mao Zedong as its leader.
1960 – Nigeria achieved independence from Britain. On this day in 1963 it became a federal republic.
1993 – Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres shakes hands with Jordan’s Crown Prince Hassan during a meeting at the White House.
1995 – A U.S. federal jury found Egyptian cleric Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman and nine others guilty of plotting to blow up the World Trade Center, bomb the United Nations, kill Egypt’s president and destroy vital highway tunnels in New York.
1999 – Indonesia convened its first democratically elected parliament since 1955.
2004 – American photographer Richard Avedon, who turned fashion and portrait photography into art forms with images of the world’s most famous figures, died aged 81.
2005 – Three bomb blasts ripped through popular tourist areas on the Indonesian resort island of Bali, killing 23 people, including three suicide bombers.
2008 – The U.S. Congress approved a landmark deal ending a three-decade ban on U.S. nuclear trade with India, handing a victory to President George W. Bush on one of his top foreign policy priorities.