1909 – Frenchman Louis Bleriot made the first crossing of the English Channel by air, flying his monoplane from Les Baraques, near Calais, to Dover.
1934 – Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was assassinated in Vienna by Nazis.
1943 – Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was forced to resign after a meeting of his Grand Council. King Victor Emmanuel appointed Marshal Badoglio as prime minister.
1978 – The world’s first test-tube baby, Louise Joy Brown, was born at Oldham General Hospital in Lancashire, England.
1994 – Israeli and Jordanian leaders signed a historic declaration in Washington ending the state of war between them.
1998 – Baltimore Orioles pitcher Jesse Orosco makes his 1000th career appearance.
2000 – Air France Concorde crashes in Gonesse, killing at least 110 people.
2001 – Phoolan Devi, India’s “Bandit Queen” turned parliamentarian was shot dead outside her home in New Delhi.
2006 – Victoria, Military Crosses sold at world record price of A$1,214,500 ($916,000) in Sydney.
2007 – German actor Ulrich Muehe, whose haunting portrayal of an East German secret police agent in the Oscar-winning drama “The Lives of Others” won him international renown, died at the age of 54.
2012 – Eleven-year-old piano player Ethan Bortnick enters record books as youngest solo musician to headline his own tour.