1923 – The Treaty of Lausanne was signed between Turkey and the allied powers. Turkey gave up all claims to non-Turkish territories lost in World War One.
1936 – Britain’s “Talking Clock” launched.
1993 – Russia’s central bank announced a drastic reform of its monetary system, saying all banknotes issued up to the end of 1992 would be withdrawn from circulation.
2001 – Bulgaria’s parliament approved the former King Simeon II as the new prime minister. Simeon Saxe-Coburg is the only ex-monarch to regain power in post-communist Europe.
2001 – Pre-dawn attack by Tamil Tiger rebels at Sri Lanka’s international airport leaves at least 18 dead.
2004 – Forest fires in Marseille region of France sweeps across 200 hectares of pine forest.
2005 – Richard Doll, the British scientist whose research first established the link between smoking and lung cancer, died aged 92.
2006 – Global free trade talks at Geneva, billed as a once-in-a-generation chance to boost growth and ease poverty, collapsed after nearly five years of haggling.
2007 – Six foreign medics convicted of deliberately infecting hundreds of Libyan children with HIV were freed after a partnership deal between Tripoli and the European Union ended their eight-year ordeal.
2010 – Volunteers in Latvia attempt to create the longest uninterrupted flower carpet.
2013 – At least 35 people killed when train derails on outskirts of northern Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela, in one of the country’s worst rail disasters.